|Title||ECDNet: Efficient Siamese Convolutional Network for Real-Time Small Object Change Detection from Ground Vehicles|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Klomp, SR, van de Wouw, DWJM, de With, PHN|
|Conference Name||Electronic Imaging|
|Date Published||Feb 2019|
|Conference Location||Burlingame (CA)|
Change detection from ground vehicles has various applications, such as the detection of roadside Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Although IEDs are hidden, they are often accompanied by visible markers, which can be any kind of object. Because of this, any suspicious change in the environment compared to an earlier moment in time, should be detected. Little work has been published to solve this ill-posed problem using deep learning. This paper shows the feasibility of applying convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to HD video, to accurately predict the presence and location of such markers in real time. The network is trained for the detection of pixel-level changes in HD video, compared to an earlier reference recording. We investigate Siamese CNNs in combination with an encoder-decoder architecture and introduce a modified double-margin contrastive loss function, to achieve pixel-level change detection results. Our dataset consists of seven pairs of challenging real-world recordings with geo-tagged test objects. The proposed network architecture is capable of comparing two images of 1920×1440 pixels in 150 ms on a GTX1080Ti GPU. The proposed network significantly outperforms state-of-the-art networks and algorithms on our dataset in terms of F-1 score, on average by 0.28.